Alexander Bivort 1855 Apple Pomme Neige

Catalog Number 48453
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Artist Biography:

Alexandre Bivort [1809-1872] was a Belgian nurseryman and creator of numerous fruits, He was active in various horticultural societies in Belgium and France and published two books: Album de Pomologie (1847-1851) followed by Annales de Pomologie Belge et Etrangere (1853-1860), which reprinted some of the plates from the earlier work yet most of the plates was newly created. They remain the classic reference on Belgian fruit of the era, in keeping with Bivort’s stated intentions to document a neglected area of botany and generate interest in the cultivation of fruit, including new varieties. Most of what he illustrated was fruits of apples and pears, as well as grapes, cherries and berries. Bivort took a particular interest in pears, the fruit tree that are the best adapted to the Belgian climate and he developed his own varieties, some of which he named after family members. Compliant with Bivort’s commitment realism, he took the unusual step of including damaged as well as imperfect specimens instead of the idealized perfection of the more typical collection. There are only three complete set known to exist.




Annales de Pomologie Belge et Etrangere Published in Brussels


4th Year

Plate No.:



Apple – Pomme Neige – the fruit is two inches and a quarter wide, and an inch and three-quarters high; oblate, with blunt angles on the sides, which extend to the crown, and form ridges round the eye with the skin, smooth, bright yellow, tinged with bright red on the shaded side, and a brilliant red cheek on the side next the sun, with a large satellite patch of russet over the base, the whole surface strewed with imbedded pearly specks. Eye is small and closed, with erect pointed segments, and set in a narrow, rather deep, and ribbed basin with the stalk a half an inch long, slender, inserted in a deep narrow cavity; the flesh is white, crisp, juicy, and with a pleasant aroma. This apple is a good but not high-class dessert apple. It is, however, very beautiful, and in the eye and round the crown resembles Pomme de Neige. It is ripe in the end of November, and keeps till March.

Print Method:

Lithograph and hand colored on paper


Very good to Excellent some with faint offset

Size of Print:

345 x 260 mm. (Approximately 13 ½ x 10 ¼ inches)

Size of Leaf:

345 x 260 mm. (Approximately 13 ½ x 10 ¼ inches)


The fruit manual; containing the descriptions & synonym’s of the fruits and fruit-trees of Great Britain. 1860. Robert Hogg

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