Alexander Bivort 1855 Apple Summer Golden Pippin

Catalog Number 48458
Back to List

Artist Biography:

Alexandre Bivort [1809-1872] was a Belgian nurseryman and creator of numerous fruits, He was active in various horticultural societies in Belgium and France and published two books: Album de Pomologie (1847-1851) followed by Annales de Pomologie Belge et Etrangere (1853-1860), which reprinted some of the plates from the earlier work yet most of the plates was newly created. They remain the classic reference on Belgian fruit of the era, in keeping with Bivort’s stated intentions to document a neglected area of botany and generate interest in the cultivation of fruit, including new varieties. Most of what he illustrated was fruits of apples and pears, as well as grapes, cherries and berries. Bivort took a particular interest in pears, the fruit tree that are the best adapted to the Belgian climate and he developed his own varieties, some of which he named after family members. Compliant with Bivort’s commitment realism, he took the unusual step of including damaged as well as imperfect specimens instead of the idealized perfection of the more typical collection. There are only three complete set known to exist.




Annales de Pomologie Belge et Etrangere Published in Brussels


4th Year

Plate No.:



Apple - Summer Golden Pippin (Summer Pippin; White Summer Pippin) – the fruit is below medium size, two inches and a quarter broad at the base, and two inches and a quarter high; ovate, flattened at the ends. Skin, smooth and shining, pale yellow on the shaded side, but tinged with orange and brownish red on the side next the sun, and strewed over with minute russet dots. Eye is, open, with divergent segments, set in a wide, shallow, and slightly plaited basin with the stalk, thick, a quarter of an inch long, completely imbedded in a moderately deep cavity, which is lined with russet. Flesh is yellowish, firm and very juicy, with a rich, vinous, and sugary flavor. This is one of the most delicious summer apples; it is ripe at the end of August.

Print Method:

Lithograph and hand colored on paper


Very good to Excellent some with faint offset

Size of Print:

345 x 260 mm. (Approximately 13 ½ x 10 ¼ inches)

Size of Leaf:

345 x 260 mm. (Approximately 13 ½ x 10 ¼ inches)


The fruit manual; containing the descriptions & synonym’s of the fruits and fruit-trees of Great Britain. 1860. Robert Hogg

Facebook Twitter