Alexander Bivort 1855 Pear Bouvier Bourgmestre

Catalog Number 48455
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Artist Biography:

Alexandre Bivort [1809-1872] was a Belgian nurseryman and creator of numerous fruits, He was active in various horticultural societies in Belgium and France and published two books: Album de Pomologie (1847-1851) followed by Annales de Pomologie Belge et Etrangere (1853-1860), which reprinted some of the plates from the earlier work yet most of the plates was newly created. They remain the classic reference on Belgian fruit of the era, in keeping with Bivort’s stated intentions to document a neglected area of botany and generate interest in the cultivation of fruit, including new varieties. Most of what he illustrated was fruits of apples and pears, as well as grapes, cherries and berries. Bivort took a particular interest in pears, the fruit tree that are the best adapted to the Belgian climate and he developed his own varieties, some of which he named after family members. Compliant with Bivort’s commitment realism, he took the unusual step of including damaged as well as imperfect specimens instead of the idealized perfection of the more typical collection. There are only three complete set known to exist.




Annales de Pomologie Belge et Etrangere Published in Brussels


4th Year

Plate No.:



Pear - Bouvier Bourgmestre – the fruit is medium size, two inches and three-quarters wide, and three inches and three-quarters high ; oblong- obovate, even in its outline with the skin, lemon-yellow, speckled all over with cinnamon-colored russet, but particularly so towards the stalk and the eye, where it forms a sort of crust, which is sometimes quite rough. Eye is half open, with incurved segments, set in a shallow depression. Stalk, an inch and a half long, inserted on the end of the fruit, which is not tapering but abrupt. Flesh, yellowish, buttery, and melting, rather gritty towards the core, with a fine sprightly rich and vinous juice, and a fine aroma and is a first-rate pear; ripens in the end of October.

Print Method:

Lithograph and hand colored on paper


Very good to Excellent some with faint offset

Size of Print:

345 x 260 mm. (Approximately 13 ½ x 10 ¼ inches)

Size of Leaf:

345 x 260 mm. (Approximately 13 ½ x 10 ¼ inches)


The fruit manual; containing the descriptions & synonym’s of the fruits and fruit-trees of Great Britain. 1860. Robert Hogg

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