Alexander Bivort 1855 Pear Zéphirin Louis

Catalog Number 48460
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Artist Biography:

Alexandre Bivort [1809-1872] was a Belgian nurseryman and creator of numerous fruits, He was active in various horticultural societies in Belgium and France and published two books: Album de Pomologie (1847-1851) followed by Annales de Pomologie Belge et Etrangere (1853-1860), which reprinted some of the plates from the earlier work yet most of the plates was newly created. They remain the classic reference on Belgian fruit of the era, in keeping with Bivort�s stated intentions to document a neglected area of botany and generate interest in the cultivation of fruit, including new varieties. Most of what he illustrated was fruits of apples and pears, as well as grapes, cherries and berries. Bivort took a particular interest in pears, the fruit tree that are the best adapted to the Belgian climate and he developed his own varieties, some of which he named after family members. Compliant with Bivort�s commitment realism, he took the unusual step of including damaged as well as imperfect specimens instead of the idealized perfection of the more typical collection. There are only three complete set known to exist.




Annales de Pomologie Belge et Etrangere Published in Brussels


4th Year

Plate No.:



Pear - Zã�phirin Louis â�� the fruit is rather below medium size, two inches and three-quarters wide, and two inches and a half high; round, even in its outline. Skin, thickly speckled all over with large dark brown russet patches and dots, greenish yellow on the shaded side, and dark rusty red next the sun, but which becomes bright vermilion when quite ripe. Eye is very small and open, set in a deep basin with the stalk, short, inserted in a small round cavity. Flesh is coarse-grained, crisp, or rather half-buttery, juicy, sweet, briskly flavored, and with a pleasant flowery perfume and ripens in December and January. It was raised by M. Grã�goire, of Jodoigne.

Print Method:

Lithograph and hand colored on paper


Very good to Excellent some with faint offset

Size of Print:

345 x 260 mm. (Approximately 13 â� x 10 â� inches)

Size of Leaf:

345 x 260 mm. (Approximately 13 â� x 10 â� inches)


The fruit manual; containing the descriptions & synonym�s of the fruits and fruit-trees of Great Britain. 1860. Robert Hogg

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