Bavaria Sancta 1716 Saint Afra

Catalog Number 11697
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Artist Biography:

Matthew Kager born in Munich 1566. In his youth he traveled to Rome where he apprenticed. Returning from Italy the Duke of Bavaria appointed him principle painter with a large pension. His artwork adorned the churches of Munich. Towards the end of his life he moved to Augsburg where he painted his most celebrated work "The Last Judgment" in the hall of the senate. He died in 1634




Bavaria Sancta or Holy Bavaria



Plate Number:

C-3 (Page 21)


This is a full-page engraving from the 1716 edition of the Bavaria Sancta or Holy Bavaria by the noted Jesuit Matthew Raderus (1561-1634). This work was perhaps the greatest of the Counter-Reformation pilgrimage books which resonated throughout Bavaria. It praised the duchy's historic and sacred destiny, listing its saints and martyrs, its holy monks; its pious rulers, culminating in the current members of the House of Wittelsbach. Originally printed in 1615 - 1627 from the publishing house of Ralph Sadeler. The body of work drew on the drawings of Matthew Kager. [Saint Afra (died 304) was a Christian martyr. she was originally a courtesan in Augsburg, She is reputed to either run a brothel in that town, or work as a hierodule in the Temple of Venus. As the persecution of Christians during the reign of Eastern Roman Emperor Diocletian began, Bishop Narcissus of Girona (in Spain) arrived there and lodged with Afra and her mother, She hid the bishop from the authorities, but was arrested, and condemned to be burnt to death. The feast of Saint Afra occurs on 5 August.]

Print Method:

Engraving on laid paper


Overall Excellent

Size of Print:

21.2 x 14.5 cm. approximately (8.4 x 5.7 in.)

Size of Leaf:

32.5 x 21.5 cm. approximately (12.8 x 8.5 in.)


Grasse Vol.5 p. 16

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