Koran Indian with Tafsir 1780 (13)

Catalog Number 22944
 
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This fine leaf is from an Illuminated Mughal Koran with prayers, copied from Mulla Fathullah's Tafsir commentary. The Tafsir arose after the death of Muhammad to deal with ambiguity, variant readings, defective texts, and apparent contradictions in the scripture. Starting from mere personal speculation, the Tafsir, developed into a system of scholarly interpretations of religious texts, especially the Koran using linguistic, historical, and other methods, proceeding verse-by-verse and sometimes word-by-word. Early stages relied on the Hadith, which is revered by Muslims as a major source of religious law and moral guidance, later giving rise to a dogmatic type of Tafsir. This Arabic fragment was scribed in Northern India, most likely Kashmir and is dated AH 1195/AD 1780. The leaves are on gold sprinkled paper with twelve lines to the page written in a clear naskhi script in black ink with interlinear Persian translation written in a clear nasta'liq script in red ink throughout (212 x 143 mm.). There are illuminated florets between verses; interlinear gold rules throughout, margins are ruled in colors and gold. Extensive commentary is found in outer margins, in a diagonally written nasta'liq script along with catchwords and wonderfully illuminated marginal devices. Numerous double pages of illumination in colors and gold with Sura Headings in white naskhi on illuminated panels. Verso: twelve lines of clear naskhi script in black ink with interlinear Persian translation written in a clear nasta'liq script in red ink. This fragment is generally in good condition and is a fine example of later Mughal work dating from the later part of the 18th century.

Price:
$125.00
SKU:
22944
Qty:
 
 
 
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