Royal Charter 1586

Catalog Number 54164
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Royal Charter


May 13, 1586

Country/City of Origin




Size of Document

470 x 525 mm.


Prague - Reign of Rudolph II This rare indenture is a Royal Charter dated May 13, 1586 for Wolf Puechleitter due to his outstanding achievements for the house of Austria. Emperor Rudolf II (July 18, 1552 - January 20, 1612) was Holy Roman Emperor (1576 -1612), King of Hungary and Croatia (as Rudolf I, 1572 -1608), King of Bohemia (1575 -1608/1611) and Archduke of Austria (1576 -1608). He was a member of the House of Habsburg and was the eldest son and successor of Maximilian II. His mother was Maria of Spain, a daughter of Charles V and Isabella of Portugal. Rudolf was reserved, secretive, and largely a homebody who did not like to travel or even partake in the daily affairs of state. He was more intrigued by occult learning such as astrology and alchemy, and had a wide variety of personal hobbies as well as many sexual liaisons.. Historians have traditionally blamed Rudolf's preoccupation with the arts, occult sciences, and other personal interests as the reason for the political disasters of his reign. More recently historians have re-evaluated this view and see his patronage of the arts and occult sciences as a triumph and key part of the Renaissance, while his political failures are seen as a legitimate attempt to create a unified Christian empire, which was undermined by the realities of religious, political and intellectual disintegrations of the time Prague became, under Rudolf's guidance, one of the leading centers of the arts and sciences on the continent. The thriving city and era over which he reigned, from 1583 until his death twenty-nine years later, is known as Rudolfine Prague. The vellum document measures 470 x 525 mm. in totality and contains 25 lines of gothic script neatly penned in German. At the bottom under the fold is Rudolph's signature. Hanging from a tasseled cord is the 140 mm. Royal seal of Rudolph in red wax. This manuscript contains some staining and the traditional folds of a legal document of this type.

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